Many people have problems with the thyroid glands, but most of us are uninformed about what causes these problems, or about the warning symptoms. The thyroid gland produces a hormone which is responsible for regulating the metabolic function, energy levels, as well as proper growth and development of the body.
Hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism are conditions connected with significantly decreased or increased thyroidal activity. However, most people usually find out what they mean when it is already too late, i.e. after being diagnosed with a thyroid sickness.
It is a fact that thyroid problems are not rare at all; in fact, the statistics say that one out of twenty individuals will suffer from thyroid sickness in their life. Women should be especially careful because they are at higher risk that men.
Understanding the meaning of these conditions, as well as their symptoms will help you prevent thyroid disease.
What are Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism?
Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism occur when there is an imbalance in the thyroid hormone secretion, i.e. when the hormone production is either too high or too low.
What are the symptoms of Hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland produces too much hormone. Its symptoms include sleeping problems, anxiety, unexplained weight loss, arrhythmia, diarrhea, etc. People who suffer from hyperthyroidism may be very sensitive to heat and high temperatures. In some cases, a lump in the throat is formed. This lump is called goiter and signalizes deficiency in iodine.
Hypothyroidism occurs when the secretion of the thyroid hormone is too low. Its symptoms include lowered concentration, weakness, dry skin and damaged hair, as well as pains and spasms in the muscles. People who suffer from hypothyroidism may be very sensitive to cold.
What Can Cause Thyroid Disease?
There is a number of factors that can result in thyroid disease:
- Environmental toxins
- High-stress levels
- Iodine deficiency
- Heavy metals in the bloodstream
Hypothyroidism can be caused by conditions like Subacute thyroiditis, Graves’ sickness, or toxic adenomas.
On the other hand, hypothyroidism can be caused by conditions such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, or in the case of overexposure to iodide or lithium. Another trigger for hypothyroidism is the removal of the thyroid gland.
How to Prevent and Cure Thyroid Disease
#1 Physical activity
Physical activity boosts the thyroid function. Exercising on a daily basis can lead to hormonal re-balance.
#2 Heat therapy
A sweating session in a sauna will clean your body from all the toxins which can lead to thyroid disease.
#3 Balanced diet
To keep your thyroid gland in good health, consume ingredients that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, selenium, and zinc. On the other hand, you should avoid eating processed and refined foods, including sugar, oil, and flour.
#4 Treat any conditions and diseases
As we mentioned before, high levels of stress, improper diet, or food allergies, as well as some conditions and diseases can result in thyroid disease. That is why timely treatment of such conditions is very important.
#5 Reduce the stress levels
The adrenal gland can be worn out due to high-stress levels over a prolonged period of time. If you can’t manage the stress levels on your own, try yoga and meditation courses. Other options are long walks, spending time outdoors, and breathing exercises. Take at least 10 minutes every day to calm and relax.
#6 Hormone therapies and supplements
Consult your doctor about thyroid hormonal therapy that will keep your thyroid gland healthy and functional.
If for some reasons your diet remains poor or imbalanced, consider taking supplements. Supplements will regulate any nutrient deficiencies that may affect the thyroid gland function.